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Liver Disorders
About Disease

The largest gland of the body i.e. Liver, which weighs between 1-1.25 kgs, is an extremely vascular organ (approximately 1/5th of the liver volume is blood).

It plays a vital role in metabolism and performs various functions.
Diseases associated with liver are as follows
SLUGGISH LIVER (ANOREXIA, NAUSEA, MELAISE)
‘Sluggish Liver’ is a non-technical medical term that is used to describe a liver that is not functioning optimally. Generally, this term is used when the liver is free of disease but performing at a reduced rate.
HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA
A condition where there is a high level of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a natural by-product of the breakdown of red blood cells. However, a high level of bilirubin may indicate a problem with the liver.
JAUNDICE
Jaundice causes your skin and your white eyes turn to yellow. Too much bilirubin causes jaundice. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical in hemoglobin-the substance that carries oxygen in your red blood cells. Many healthy babies have some jaundice symptoms during the first week of life. It usually goes away. However, jaundice can happen at any age and may be a sign of a major problem.
HEPATITIS
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E. These five types are of greatest concern because of the burden of illness and death they cause and the potential for outbreaks and epidemic spread.
FATTY LIVER
Fatty liver, also known as fatty liver disease (FLD), is a reversible condition where large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells. Despite having multiple causes, fatty liver can be considered as a single disease that occurs worldwide in those with excessive alcohol intake.
CIRRHOSIS / FIBROSIS OF LIVER
Chronic liver diseases lead to fibrosis which leads to derangement of the architecture, portal hypertension and may produce such an irreversible re-arrangement of the circulation as likely to cause cirrhosis.
GALL BLADDER STONES (CHOLILITHIASIS)
A gallstone is a crystalline concretion formed within the gallbladder by accretion of bile components. These calculi are formed in the gallbladder but may distally pass into other parts of the biliary tract such as the cystic duct, common bile duct, pancreatic duct or the ampulla of vater.
HEPATOTOXICITY INDUCED BY ALCOHOL AND ATT/ CHEMOTHERAPY
Drugs are an important cause of liver injury. More than 900 drugs (i.e. Paracetamol, ATT, Anti-cancer medicines, etc.), toxins and alcohol have been reported to cause liver injury and drugs account for 20-40% of all instances of hepatic failure. Approximately 75% of the idiosyncratic drug reactions result in liver transplantation or death.

Symptoms

Liver Disorders can have the following signs and symptoms.

  • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
  • Abdominal pain and swelling
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Itchy skin
  • Dark urine color
  • Pale stool color or bloody or tar-colored stool
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tendency to bruise easily
Investigations

Finding the cause and extent of liver damage is important in guiding treatment. At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, physicians always intend to diagnose the diseases with superlative measures. The doctors at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre start with the history of the patient and thorough physical examination; they also recommend the following investigations:

  • Blood tests. A group of blood tests called liver function tests can be used to diagnose liver diseases. Other blood tests can be done to look for specific liver problems or genetic conditions.
  • Imaging tests. CT scan, MRI and ultrasound can show liver damage.
  • Tissue analysis. Removing a tissue sample (biopsy) from your liver may help diagnose liver disease. Liver biopsy is most often done using a long needle inserted through the skin to extract a tissue sample. It is then analyzed in a laboratory.

Management
Treatment

Aimil Healthcare and Research centre has an objective to knot & treat the severity of liver disorders. The objectives are as follows:

  • To restore Liver Function tests e.g. Serum bilirubin, Serum alkaline phosphatase, Serum transaminases (SGOT, SGPT) and Albumin Globulin ratio.
  • To activate metabolism Digestion, Assimilation and Anabolism.
  • To check degeneration & promote regeneration of liver cells.
  • To prevent intoxication from hepatotoxic agents.

Dietary Advice

If you have a liver malfunction, there are some special considerations you may need to follow in your diet to stay nutritionally well and to help to manage your condition. Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre suggest liver patients to avoid substances such as alcohol and also recommend washing the fruits and vegetables before consumption as chemicals used in pest control, which may be present on unwashed fruits and vegetables, can create a severe damage to your liver. To retain a healthy liver, one should always take food with low oil and low spices. Regular consumption of fresh green vegetables, pulses and boiled rice are advised to keep a healthy liver. The ayurvedic physicians also suggest intake of fresh fruit juices which make liver active and well built.

Physical Activities

Specialists at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre consistently ask their patients to adapt some physical activities to fight with various liver disorders. Good nutrition can help to support your liver to function and plays a crucial role in your health but to make it energetic it is necessary to keep your body regulated with the physical activities. Practice of ‘yoga aasans’ and regular exercises are recommended to keep the liver fit and active. Morning walk also helps the body to maintain a proper liver metabolism. Saying ‘good bye’ to your cigarettes and alcohol can also prohibit the chances of liver diseases. Physicians also motivate patients towards positive attitude and counsel them for their better lifestyle.

Success Stories
  • Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre
    2699 Street No 13, Main Patel Road, Ranjeet Nagar, ND-110008
    P: 011-25703613,25705472
    M: 9999138800, 9250292216, 9871116702
    Fax: 011-25703064, 25703635
    E: cure@aimilhealthcare.com, rnd@aimilhealthcare.com