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Skin Disorders
About Disease

Skin diseases have a high prevalence throughout the world. Infections & inflammatory disorders of skin like Eczema, Psoriasis, Acne and Pimples are very common. Skin disorders can be inherited or may be present as a part of systemic disorder. Approximately 15% of the population develops a skin problem, increasing the workload on the family doctors. The common reason for skin diseases are infection, disturbed sleep, anxiety, depression, lack of self – confidence.

Acne

Acne, the scourge of adolescence, is more than skin deep.  There are few skin ailments that cause as much physical and psychological anguish as this complex chemical mystery.  Acne is a disorder that is treated best in two ways – on the inside and on the outside.  Dietary and life style modifications with good habits of personal hygiene together do a great deal in improving the condition.

 

PSORIASIS

“Psoriasis” is a chronic skin disease characterized by on over production of skin cells that results in flaky and patchy raised areas on the skin surface characterized by inflamed skin that produces red, thickened patches covered with silver – colored scales plaques.

Psoriasis actually begins below the surface where skin cells are reproducing at an abnormally fast rate. These skin cells pile up on the top of the other. And the result is thick, scaly raised areas or plaques. When one or more of these plaques get develop, it is commonly referred to as a “flare up”.

Psoriasis is classified in four main types. These are plaque psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, postural psoriasis and inverse psoriasis. This classification is made on the basis of appearance.

Eczama

Eczema is “a general term for any superficial inflammatory process involving the epidermis primarily, eczema was marked early by redness, itching, minute papules and vesicles, weeping, oozing and crusting and later it has been marked by scaling, lichenification and often pigmentation.. It is also used specifically to refer to the condition atopic dermatitis.

Symptoms

Acne

There is a great controversy in concerning the causes of Acne but most of the doctors at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre agree that the basic problem is an over production of the skin oil by enlarged oil glands.  This condition is characteristic of the internal chemical changes that occur at puberty when the skin is adjusting to a greatly increased secretion of hormones.  These hormonal factors play a significant role in the onset of Acne.  Besides the hormonal changes, some other factors may predispose to Acne.

  • Inadequate intake of water.
  • High Diet in processed foods.
  • Poor digestion
  • Food allergies
  • Nutritional deficiencies especially Zinc and Vitamin A, B Complex & C.
  • Lack of exercise
  • Stress
  • Excessive cosmetic use
  • Frequent touching of infected areas with unclean hands

Normal Follicle:

In the normal hair follicle, lining cells are regularly replaced and carried to the skin surface by sebum.  In Acne, hormones cause extra sebum production by the oil glands and more lining cells in the follicle to be replaced.

Whitehead:

The lining cells can plug the follicle and oil builds up.  A plug under the skin is a whitehead.

Blackhead:

The lesion is called blackhead when this plug (whitehead) reaches the skin surface and turns black.

Pimple:

Bacteria in the hair follicle multiply and break down the oil. They cause the follicle to get red and full of pus thus making a pimple. In time, it may burst, squeezing the skin at this stage may cause damage.

 

PSORIASIS

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to appear on the skin. It typically affects the outside of the elbows, knees or scalp though it can appear on any location. Some people report that psoriasis is itchy, burns and stings. Psoriasis’ signs and symptoms can vary from person to person but may include one or more of the following:

  • Red patches of skin covered with silvery scales
  • Small scaling spots (commonly found in children)
  • Dry, cracked skin that may bleed
  • Itching, burning or soreness
  • Thickened, pitted or ridged nails
  • Swollen and stiff joints

 

ECZEMA

Pollen is one of the most common eczema allergens.

The causes for eczema are still ascertained but it is believed that this is the result of a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Children are more likely to develop eczema if a parent has had it or another atopic disease. If both parents have an atopic disease, the chances increase further.

Signs and symptoms of Eczema

Eczema commonly manifests itself in infants with dry and scaly patches appearing on the skin. These patches are often intensely itchy. The symptoms of eczema can vary depending on the age of the person with the condition.

Most people develop eczema before the age of 5. Half of the people, who develop the condition in childhood, continue to have the same symptoms of it as an adult though these symptoms are often different to those experienced by children.

People with the above condition will often experience periods of time where their symptoms will flare up or worsen followed by periods of time where their symptoms will improve or clear up.

Investigations

Acne

Acne is characterized by pits, red scars and pustules on the most visible parts of the skin i.e. the face, neck and sometimes the back and chest where oil glands are the largest, dense and active.  It is most common during puberty but can occur at any age. The ayurvedic physicians at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre will be able to diagnose acne by looking at your skin. This will involve examining your face, chest and back for the different types of spot such as blackheads or sore, red nodules, etc. How many spots you have and how painful and inflamed they are will help determining how severe your acne is.

Diagnosis

To diagnose acne, physicians at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre will first examine your skin to make sure you have acne. Also, if you have acne, the ayurveda physicians will:

  • Grade the acne- Physicians will grade the acne from 1-4 with 1 as the mildest and 4 as the severe condition
  • They will also note what types of acne appear on your skin
  • And will deeply examine your skin

 

PSORIASIS

About 95 percent of the time, healthcare provider can make a psoriasis diagnosis just by visual inspection. But doctors at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre will consider deeply that where the raised, red, scales appear if they have well-defined edges and how the rash responds to medication when conducting a diagnosis.

Psoriasis may seem similar to eczema but there are several differences like:

  • Psoriasis plaques are well-defined while eczema tends to be flatter with less well-defined edges
  • Eczema typically occurs on locations atypical for psoriasis such as the front of elbows or behind the knees. Psoriasis is most often found on the outside of knees and elbows, the scalp, the lower back, the face, the palms and soles of feet. It also can develop in other places such as fingernails, toenails, genitals and inside the mouth.
  • When diagnosed, psoriasis skin looks thicker and inflamed when compared to skin with eczema.

 

ECZEMA

For the diagnosis of eczema the ayurvedic physicians, at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, may need to see a patient in order to make an accurate diagnosis. This is because people, with eczema, experience very individual combinations of symptoms which are prone to changing in severity over time.

Diagnosis is based primarily on the patient’s symptoms but medical history is also important. A physician at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, will often ask about a patient’s family history, other atopic diseases such as asthma and hay fever, possible exposure to irritants, whether any foods are related to flare-ups, sleep disturbances, past treatment for skin symptoms, etc.

Management
Treatment

Treatment for Acne

The Ayurvedic Treatment for Acne at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre is a three fold treatment where we follow the steps one by one-

  1. Cleansing of the internal system
  2. Managing the skin in a healthy condition by topical applications
  3. Regulation of the diet so there won’t be any repetition of the disease

When we say cleansing of the internal system by Ayurvedic Treatment of Acne at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, it all means that we need to clean the blood by different ailments and mainly this is the association of the vitiated Pitta Dosha with the blood. Besides this, it is always important to manage the quality of the skin and that is never possible with the chemical laded face packs or soaps. This is the result of our both way treatment that we get quick, persistent and accurate results for the Acne.

 

Treatment for Psoriasis

Coming to the treatment aspects of Psoriasis, according to Ayurveda, it aims at the detoxification of the body or elimination of toxins from the body fluids. Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre follow the principles of ayurveda and its ancient therapies for the treatment of Psoriasis.

Current schedule of Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, comprising various treatment aspects of Ayurveda, is aiming at a better control on Psoriasis. This includes internal and external medications purely of plant origin.

Line of Ayurvedic treatment is as follows.

(1) Consumption of medicated ghee considering the type of the Psoriasis.

(2) Detoxifying, by inducing vomiting (Vamana) and purgation (Virechana). This is followed by medicated buttermilk dripping overhead (Dahara) and covering the entire body with a paste of medicines.  .

(3) Topical application and oral consumption of polyherbal preparations.

 

Treatment for Eczema

Eczema is a constitutional disease. Its cause is deep-seated within the body. Hence external medications alongwith oral medicines are effective in eczema. Ayurveda attempts for curing eczema from its roots. The method used is an elaborate process to purify the blood of the individual.  At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre different steps are involved in treatment of eczema.

  1. a) Topical application – This medication gives proper hydration to the skin and also helps to remove secondary infection.
  2. b) Oral medication – Polyherbal oral medication are given to detoxify the impurities, improving liver functions and exerting anti-oxidant action.

Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre also guide patients of eczema with some other preventive methods for the treatment. These are enlisted below:-

  • Soap must not be used over the affected regions. Mild soaps can be used but it is best to avoid them.
  • Hot water must not be used for baths. Adding some olive oil to the water helps.
  • If the skin over the affected part is excessively dry then ghee or an oil massage will help. This will prevent the skin from erupting.
  • People with eczema should take care that their bodies do not suffer from sudden extremities of climate. Hence, traveling must be done with care.
  • The products of wool are not good for skins affected with eczema. Hence, people with eczema must avoid blankets and sweaters that are made of wool.

People with eczema must take care that they do not sweat too much. Sweat can irritate the eczema.

Dietary Advice

Dietary Advice For Acne

A healthy diet can give you a perfect metabolism to fight any skin disease. Some foods cause your blood sugar to rise quickly, triggering a boost in insulin. Too much insulin in your bloodstream can trigger changes in your body that can lead to the growth of pore-clogging cells. It can also boost action in your oil glands.

So make some changes to your meals. The studies at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre  suggests that you may have fewer breakouts if you add more whole grains, beans and veggies and cut back white rice, white bread, and sugar to your meal. Also, increasing the amount of water you drink is a great way to flush out internal toxins and hydrate your skin from the inside out.

 

Dietary Advice For PSORIASIS

For psoriatic patients, a diet regime has to be followed during the entire treatment period and it is better to continue as vegetarian. Yogurt, black gram, chilies and salted foods have to be restricted. It is better to avoid refrigerated/chilled foods. Psoriatic patients must keep a state of mental calmness. Also, avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol consumption may decrease the effectiveness of some psoriasis treatments.

 

Dietary Advice For Eczema

Most of the patients of skin diseases take their bare skin for granted but for people with eczema, skin will be a constant source of itching and scratching. There are some foods which bring relief to eczema patients. Yogurt is beneficial for eczema patients. The beneficial bacteria in yogurts benefit the immune system.

Physical Activities

Physical Advice For Acne

Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre strongly believe in the benefit of physical activities to mark improvement in any disease. Physicians suggest patients to do regular exercises. Exercise helps cut stress which may contribute to acne outbreaks.

Physical activity also helps your skin by increasing your blood circulation which sends more oxygen to your skin cells and carries away the wastes from the cells.

Physical Activities For PSORIASIS

The self-help measures and the physical activities help in fast cure of psoriasis. They may help improve the appearance of the skin. Bathing daily helps remove scales and calm inflamed skin. Psoriatic patients should avoid hot water and harsh soaps which can worsen the existing symptoms. Also, a controlled amount of sunlight can significantly improve lesions.  Infections, injuries to your skin, stress, smoking and intense sun exposure can all worsen psoriasis.

Physical Activities For Eczema

Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre strongly believe in the benefit of physical activities to mark improvement in any disease. Sports and exercise are the best recognized ways to maintain and enhance good health. Unfortunately, eczema does not always make it easy for the children or adults to participate in activities but indulging in light sport activities can make eczema patients healthy and can improve their metabolism. Also, exposure to sun helps in improving the skin conditions of the patients.

Success Stories
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