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About Ayurveda

Ayurveda is known for its significance of not just being a treatment medicine but being a “lifestyle” – a lifestyle of Being Healthy.  It is believed that, as we cannot scrub our inner body we need to learn a few skills to help cleanse our tissues, organs and mind. “This is the art of Ayurveda.”

About Leucoderma

Ayurveda has an in depth discussion about the number of the skin disorders in the chapters like Kushtarogadhikar and Kshudrarogadhikar. All over 18 different types of skin diseases are broadly mentioned in Ayurveda. Among them Switra is the most common and which is presently known as Leucoderma. It is a disease which is affected by providing white coloration to the skin and is caused by the combination of Nervous and circulatory system (Vata), Metabolic system(Pitta) and the secretory system(Kalpha).
According to the Charka, Leucoderma becomes firmly established when vitiated Units (Triosha) like Vata, Pitta and Kapha enters different Tissue (Dhatu) level and lesions change colour accordingly. As Functional Units (Tridosha) enters in deeper Tissues (Saptadhatu) prognosis of the disease becomes poorer. Vitiation of Vata dosha involves vitiated Pitta and Kapha due to intake of different types of Etiological Factors (Nidan Sevan) which causes Disturbed Metabolism (Agnidushti) of both type Digestion (Jathragni) as well as Tissue Metabolism (Dhatwagni) resulting into Free radical Generation (Aamotpatti). All these activity results into accumulation of Vitiated dosha in Dushya (Isthansamshraya) in different  types of effected tissue and organs like Skin, Lymph,Blood, Muscle ,Adipose causing disturbed metabolism of a type of Pitta responsible for Skin Coloration and Leucoderma  is developed.
Treatment Plan
Ayurvedic Treatment at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre for leucoderma starts with the arrest on the ongoing disturbances in the body. Digestive tract is targeted first with implementation of appropriate diet. The proper elimination of the toxins and balancing the disturbances are the primary focus areas for Leucoderma.
The method and herbs used for the treatment of Leucoderma at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre are follows:

  1. Prime aim-Eradicate the Nidan (Etiological Factors)
  2. Blood Purifier-Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Haridra (Curcuma Longa), Khadir (Acacia Catechu), Daruhaldi (Berberis aristata), Nimb (Azardiracta Indica) etc.
  3. Mild Laxatives-Amaltas (Cassia Fistula), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Nishoth (Ipomoea turpethum), Kutki (Picrorhiza Kurroa), Kumari (Aloe vera) etc.
  4. Liver Correctives- Kumari (Aloe vera), Kutki (Picrorhiza Kurroa),  Daruhaldi (Berberis aristata), Revandcheeni (Rheum Emodi), Parijat (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis), Bhumyamlaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Madyantika (Lawsonia enermis) etc.
  5. Melanin Synthesizer-for internal like Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia), Vish Nag (Ammi majus), Kathgular (Ficus hispida), Krishnatil (Sesamum indicum), Madyantika (Lawsonia enermis), Vibhitaki (Terminalia bellerica) etc.
  6. De-worming-Vidang (Embelica ribes), Kampillak (Mallotus phillippinensis), Palash (Butea monosperma), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Karanj (Pongamia pinnata) seed etc.
  7. Nootropics-Bramhi (Bacopa monneri), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricalis), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Tagar (Valeriana brunoniana) etc.
  8. Rejuvenator-Khadir (Acacia catechu), Mulhethi (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Amrita (Tinospora cordifolia), Bhallataka (Semecarpus anacardium) etc.
  9. Immunomodulator-Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum),  Kumari (Aloe vera) etc.
  10. Topical -Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia), Vishnag (Ammi majus), Kathgular (Ficus hispida) etc.
  11. Sun Exposure-  For UV rays to exert the Photosensitization.

About Diabetes

In Ayurvedic terms, Diabetes has been comprehensively described. The disease is known for its alarming spread in the population and is critically harming the livelihood of the patients. In Ayurveda, Diabetes is explained under the term of ‘madhumeh’. Although, the trained methods and complicated investigations were not present at the ancient times but the study of Ayurveda knew about the severity of the disease and its future consequences. Thus, with the considerable and profound studies, the indigenous plants and minerals have been used individually or in combination.
‘Madhumeh’ means to pass excessive urine along with the compound of sugar in it. It is measured by the pressure of sugar in urine and increased level of sugar in blood. In Ayurvedic terms, the Diabetes has some metabolic disturbances which are stated as Agni- Dushti and Amotpatti, pathology in Agnashya (pancreas) and Yakrit (liver).

In Ayurveda, the causes of Diabetes are

  • Sedentary Life style
  • Overeating
  • Jaggery & Kapha vardhak diet
  • Hereditary Factor
  • Obesity

Ayurveda also clearly conveys that the Diabetes’ causes, symptoms and complications have successful treatment through herbs and minerals of the nature. Many vital herbs like vijaysar, Gudmar, Karela, Neem, Methi, Shilajeet have been used since ages for the management of diabetes mellitus.

Useful herbs in diabetes:

  1. Karela:  It shows lowering in blood glucose level with the effect comparable to allopathic medicines. Polypeptides, triterpenoids and vicine, all constituents of karela shows hypoglycemic activity and also reduces insulin resistance.
  2. Gudmar: It contains several anti-sweet principles; suppress taste responses to sugar by acting on the taste bud towards sweet taste perception, hence delaying glucose absorption in the small intestine.
  3. Vijaysaar: It contains flavonoid showing regeneration of the beta-cells of the islets and helps bring down high blood sugar levels to normal.
  4. Klaunji: shows significantly increased glucose includes insulin released from the beta-cells of pancreas.

About Nutritional Anemia

In Ayurveda, Anemia is known as “pandu roga”. Anemia occurs because of deficiency in blood. If assimilation of the minerals doesn’t occur properly, especially of iron, then it causes deficiency and as a result deteriorates the quality of blood and leads to Anemia. In Ayurvedic terms Anemia is linked with the pachak sub- dosha.
Many factors are considered responsible for the development of anemia / pandu roga-:

  1. Nutritional deficiency/ poor diet
  2. Erratic liver functions.
  3. Regular blood loss, in females during periods.
  4. Blood loss due to Hemorrhoids, injury, etc.

Treatment
Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre focuses to improve digestion, metabolism & assimilation along with healthy diet consumption. A healthy diet rich in iron must be consumed. Whole grains, cereals, legume & pulses are good sources of iron.
There are many herbs mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of anemia

  1. Fenugreek – Known as Methi, the bitter tasting fenugreek is an important component of Indian cuisine. It is helpful in building the volume of blood in the body. It is especially effective in girls who are suffering from anemia due to onset of puberty.
  2. Arbi leaves- They have a high crude protein value of 307 gram per kg dry weight. Iron and zinc levels are very high and contain moderate quantities of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and potassium.
  3. Aswagandha- It accelerates the oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells and shows an increase in the number of RBCs with normal counts and normal shapes.

About Skin Disorders

ACNE
According to Ayurveda, the excessive intake of Alcohol, Tea, Coffee, Spicy, oily and fried food are the major causes of Acne and it is believed to be from Pitta Dosha aggravation. Stress, tension, pollution and chemicals are also among the major causes of skin diseases like acne, boils, pimples and rashes. The disease is most widespread among the teenagers and it is estimated that ninety percent of teenagers get acne.
An imbalance in vata, results in impaired digestion and accumulation of toxins. An imbalance of pitta, affects the blood & liver allowing for inflammation. Excess kapha which controls the production of sebum, results in clogging of the pores. This combination of impaired digestion, accumulation of toxins, inflammation and over production of sebum, creates the perfect environment for the overgrowth of bacteria resulting in chronic acne. The overgrowth of bacteria is only an effect of the underlying imbalances but not the ultimate cause of acne. That is why treating acne with anti-biotics orally & topically may never fully cure the problem.

PSORIASIS (KITIBHA)
In Ayurvedic terms, Psoriasis is a clinical entity comparable to ‘KITIBHA’. Psoriasis can be considered as the vitiation of Vata & Kapha.  Ahita dravyas (in compatible substances – antigen) contains the following qualities by which they cause vitiation of Doshas thus resulting in different allergic, hypersensitive or auto- immune disorder.
Accumulation or low potency toxins (dooshi vishas) are the basic pathological changes taking place in the system. Any kind of toxins (ama) turns to work as a slow poison. These dooshi vishas can cause many problems & diseases.

ECZEMA (VICHARCHIKA)
Vicharchika is a variety of kshudra kushta. Though all the three dosha that are involved in the causation of this illness, predominant vitiation of vata and kapha dosha is incriminated. Vesicular eruption, Itching, discharge are the cardinal manifestations of this illness. This is being compared to eczema in modern science.
Vicharchika is one of the diseases mentioned in ancient science among the kushta.  Vicharchika is categorized in different ways i.e. Kshudra kushta, kshudra roga and sadhya kushta. All kushtas are having tridoshaja origin hence vicharchika can be explained in similar manner i.e. Kapha is responsible for kandu, pitta is responsible for srava and shyava indicates the presence of vata. Despite its tridosha origin, various acharyas have mentioned different dominances in vicharchika i.e. Kapha, pitta, vata-pitta pradhana which also suggests specific symptom complexes. As per the symptomatology and pathogenesis, vicharchika has been directly correlated with eczema (dermatitis) in modern science i.e. Sakandu (excessive itching), pidaka (papules, vesicles, pustules), shyava (erythema with discoloration), bahusrava (profuse discharge, oozing), raji (thickening, lichenification of skin), arti (pain), ruksha (dry lesion), etc. Dermatitis is being used as a synonym for eczema by most of the dermatologists.
Skin diseases make a person handicap in the society which makes his or her life stressful. There is a popular adage that “skin patients are never cured and never die” and hardly even constitute an emergency. For the solution, gradually, whole world is turning towards Ayurveda for safe and complete cure of skin diseases.

Beneficial herbs for the Skin Disorders are as follows:

  1. Azadirachta indica(Neem) : Neem is an unknown herb for various skin infections and  found to be effective in strains of bacteria from a number of genera viz. Staphylococcus, Enterococus, Pseudomonas, E.coli, Klebsiella and Salmonella.
  2. Isloliquiritigenin from Glycyrrhiza glabra (Yashtimadhu) possesses cell membrane stabilizing effect. Isloliquiritigenin inhibited histamine release from peritoneal exudates induced by immunological and non- immunological reaction thus it is highly beneficial in various skin allergic disorders.
  3. Free radical damage is considered as one of the important skin damaging/ageing factors, and antioxidants which quench free radicals are recommended as skin protective/antiageing agents. (-)-epicatechin, (+)- catechin their oligomers, and other flavonoids (e.g., quercetin, toxifolin) from Acacia catechu (khadir) are powerful antioxidants and protect cell integrity by inhibiting oxidative damage to the lipids layer of the skin.
  4. Swertia chirata (Chirayata) modulates biotransformation reactions in detoxification process, protects from cytotoxic, genotoxic and metabolic actions of environmental toxicants, activates glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), & reduction in lipid peroxidation.

About Stress Relief

In Ayurveda the complete balance of three energies- vata, pitta & Kapha in the body is a disease free state whereas their imbalance causes diseases. As per Ayurveda, imbalanced state of mind leads to stress. At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre all herbal preparations are efficiently used to cure stress.

Ayurveda broadly explains three states (gunas) of mind-:
They are, “sattva”, “Rajas” & “tamas”, stress is caused when sattva decreases along with increase in rajas & tamas. Sattva is a pure, pious knowledgeable state of mind.

Tamas reflects ignorance, reluctant or negative state of mind. Rajas refract passion or action in response to any stimulus. Excessive physical or mental strain cause these gunas to go out of balance & can cause a person to experience stress & other associated problems like fear, depression, lack  of memory, sleeplessness. When these gunas are in a balance state, the individual has the maximum potential to act or behave in healthy way.

A person with sattva is calm, thoughtful, intelligent, knowledgeable and shows a high positive attitude.

Ayurvedic physicians at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre explain some methods to keep sattva level high, as explained below-:

– Take fresh vegetables & fruits.
– Take plenty of fluid i.e. juices, water or milk.
– Decrease intake of high salt, spices, oil
– Getting adequate rest
– Perform the full body warm oil self massage regularly
– Regular exercise in the morning for at least 30-40 minutes
– Go to bed before 10:00pm, early wake up.
– Brisk walk in the park.
– Yoga & meditation will definitely help.

Use of herbs

At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, herbs which Ayurveda has mentioned are used like Ashwagandha, Giloe, Brahmi, Shankhpushpi, Jatamansi.

Brahmi – An outstanding nervine tonic is used for raising the mental performance. It helps in concentration, comprehension, recall and alertness. Brahmi is particularly beneficial as it aids in categorising information in brain and its subsequent expression.

Mandukparni- Extract shows to improve learning performance and enhances memory retention.

Ashawagandha – Significantly recovers stress induced depleted T-cells population.

Jatamansi – Significantly reverses despair behaviour, anxiety, and chronic fatigue syndrome and decrease locomotor activity. Anti-depressant effect of Jatamansi may also be due to interaction with GABA receptors. It has therapeutic value for the management of mental depression.

About Liver Disorders

In Ayurvedic terms, liver is known as Yakrit and is considered as one of the most vital organ which helps in regulating the health of the body.

The liver is important because a person’s nutritional level is not only determined by what he or she eats but by what the liver processes. In Ayurvedic literature, yakrit (liver) is considered as an important anga (organ) of the human body right from the Vedic Period. Bhavamisra (16th Century) has described that it is situated right and below to the hridaya (heart) and is the sthana  (seat) of  pitta and sonitha (blood). Susrutha (500 BC) mentioned  yakrit  (liver) as the abode of ranjaka pitta . Susrutha (500 BC) describe yakrit  (liver) as the  sthana  (seat) of rakta (blood) (Srikantha Murthy, 2005). Charaka (1000 BC) while describing the srotas (body channels), mentioned yakrit   (liver) and pleeha (spleen) as the moola (root) of raktavaha Srotas (blood carrying channels). But it is Bhavamisra who, for the first time, introduced the term ‘yakrit vikara’ (liver disorders). Madhamvanidhana, in parishista prakarana, mentioned yakrit roga(liver disease) as a separate entity.

The etio-pathogenesis of Yakrit roga has been described as:-
Food and drinking that cause burning sensation, alcohol intake and strong/sharp substance causes aggravation of pitta which vitiates blood tissues and  this vitiated blood tissue leads to various liver disorders like sluggish liver, jaundice, fatty liver, etc.
Treatment of all liver diseases in Ayurveda concentrates mainly on pitta dosha rather than the organ itself. Most of the hepato- protective drugs are kapha, pitta, samaka (pacifies pitta & kapha entities). The medicines and diets that normalize pitta are commonly used for all types of liver diseases.

Most of the hepato-protective herbs are having predominantly bitter and pungent taste and digestive stimulant and carminative. These herbs mainly increase fire entity in the body and act on digestive fire as well as fire residing in tissues.

These rasas (taste) have the property of increasing metabolism (mainly enhancing catabolism) thereby these herbs help in digestion of nitrogenous waste products. Most of the hepato-protective herbs possess laghu (easy to digest) and ruksha (dry)  gunas (quality).  Laghu guna (easy to digest quality) helps in increasing jatharagni (digestive fire) as they are easily digestible and they form less nitrogenous waste products. Ushna virya (hot potency) helps in enhancing the Jatharagni (digestive fire) as well dhatwagni  because ushna virya (hot potency) increases metabolism (catabolism).

According to modern pharmacology, the main mechanism involved in the protection of liver could be associated with the strong capability of hepato-protective drugs to reduce the intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species by enhancing the level of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants. These drugs protect liver tissues against oxidative damage and somehow help in stimulating the repair mechanism of liver.
Beneficial herbs in Liver Disorders:

The mode of action of hepato-protective herbs varies from herb to herb. Hepatocyte membrane stabilizing capacity is shown by Techoma undulata thereby preventing toxins from entering the cell through entero-hepatic recirculation.
Berberis aristata, Tephrosa purpurea   and Piper longum helps in regeneration of liver cells by stimulating nuclear polymerase A and increasing ribosomal protein synthesis.
Tinospora cordifolia enhances the activity of Kuffer cells which is involved in the production of substances like interleukins and tumour necrosis factors which activates the immune system of the body and act as immuno-modulatory.
Phyllanthus niruri possess antiviral property and helps in microsomal induction or inhibition.
Eclipta alba, Andrographis paniculata and Picrorhiza kurroa  increases the choleretic activity.

About Urinary Diseases

Urinary stones (Mutra asmari)
In the early ages, Ayurveda has explained about urinary stones with the name “Mutra asmari”.  Also, Ayurveda has clearly indicated the causes, symptoms, diagnosis along with the dietary instructions and life style of a patient having urinary stones.
The Ayurveda literature explains the pathogenesis of kidney stones. It is a tridoshaja  vyadhi (kapha predominant). In this disease, vata dosha gets aggravated in urinary bladder. Vata has the qualities like Ruksha  guna ( drying power) and by the virtue of this,  it dries up the locally available urine & pitta converts them into gravels. Kapha dosha, by its snigdha  (sticky) character,  binds those gravels together to make urinary stone.
Ayurveda briefly explains four categories of stones:-
-Vataja asmari
-Pittaja Asmari
-Kaphaja Asmari
-Sukraja Asmari
At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, treatment of urinary stones (mutra asmari) is mainly based on the characters of Dosha, condition of the disease & patient. Treatment broadly consists of

  1. Removal of causative factor
  2. Diet management
  3. Plenty of fluid intake
  4. Use of medical plants / Herbal preparations

Beneficial herbs in Urinary Stones:

Gokshru  Prevents urinary stones by intervening the oxalate metabolism. Thus it prevents the formation & crystallization of oxalate salt.
Kultha & pashanbhed are two unique herbs known for its anti- calcifying potential & their ability to inhibit formation of calcium & phosphate precipitates.
Varuna has been used in Ayurveda for its tendency to reduce the urinary excretion of calcium as it increases the excretory rate of sodium & magnesium.

Urinary tract infection (Mutra sankaraman)
Ancient healing system, Ayurveda, specifically explains the causes and treatment of urinary tract infections caused by bacteria as it balances the infection.
According to Ayurveda, all living things are characterized by three active doshas – vata, pitta & kapha and it is believed that aggravated pitta produces heating toxins in the body which accumulates in the urinary channels causing UTI.
Ayurveda wisdom offer guidelines to balance Pitta dosha and strengthens the urinary tract in order to avoid reoccurring of infections along with treating the disease completely.
Understanding and removing the cause begins with the healing process.

Main factors that aggravate pitta dosha and contribute to UTI’s are-

  1. Eating foods that are too hot, sour or spicy
  2. Consumption of alcohol
  3. Suppressing the urge to urinate
  4. Habit of retaining urine in the bladder for a longer period
  5. Exposure to extreme heat
  6. Environmental factors like humidity causing water loss
  7. Not drinking enough water

    Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre recommends choosing a diet that will pacify pitta dosha to help cleansing & eliminate the toxins that are bringing too much heat to the body.

    Lifestyle also plays a significant role as bacteria can flourish when conditions are warm and moist.
    Ayurveda mentions various vital herbs which are helpful in treating UTI’s and  preventing its reoccurrences.

    There are many herbs of Ayurveda which are suggested by Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre for the treatment of Urinary Tract Infection which are as follows :-

    Sheetal chini- Dominantly exerts anti- microbial action effectively against varied gram +ve  & gram –ve bacteria.
    Punernava & varuna- Shows anti- inflammatory & spasmolytic effects in synergism thus relieves inflamed & constricted tissue of renal system.
    Gokshru- Helps restoring the potassium content which is responsible for the alkalizing  and  balance diuretic effects thus relieves burning sensation while passing urine.

About PCOS

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome also known as PCOS or PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease) is a very common hormonal disorder in women.
According to Ayurveda, PCOS is a disease which develops due to an imbalance of doshas (Ayurvedic humors). Pitta and Kapha plays major role in the development of PCOS. Aggravated Pitta causes contamination of the tissues like nutrient plasma and blood. This further causes an accumulation of toxins in the weaker channels of the body.

In the case of PCOS patients, these toxins get accumulated in the channels of the brain causing imbalance in HPO¬-Axis and ultimately imbalance the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland. This condition results in imbalance of female hormones and increase in Kapha which causes formation of ovarian cysts, irregular periods (no ovulation) and other symptoms of PCOS.
Vata is responsible for movement of the follicle during the ovarian cycle, the rupture of the ovary wall releasing the matured ovum, the movement of the fimbriae – the finger like projections that guide the ovum into the fallopian tubes and the movement of the ovum towards the uterus. The action of the hormones expresses the nature of pitta, the energy responsible for the transformation. Kapha’s heavy cool qualities nourish the development of the tissues that form and support the reproductive system including the nurturing energy supporting growth of the follicle during the ovarian cycle.
PCOS is due to kapha blocking vata and pitta hence movement is obstructed and the transformation process is suppressed.

Ayurveda has mentioned many herbs and these herbs not only help in controlling PCOS but also help in restoring health and well-being.
The main aim of PCOS treatment is:

  • Normalizing hormonal imbalance
  • Strengthening and revitalizing the female reproductive system and regularizing menstrual cycles.

Few common Ayurvedic medicines that help in the management of PCOS are:
Shatavari helps in promoting normal development of overian follicles, helps to regulate menstrual cycle and revitalizes the female reproductive system.
Guduchi is a powerful anti- inflammatory herb. Chronic inflammation in tissues is the root cause for insulin imbalance and ovarian cysts. Guduchi helps in revitalizing all the body tissues and boosts metabolism naturally.
Fennel seeds are rich source of phyto-estrogens. Phyto-estrogens in fennel helps in reducing insulin resistance and in bringing down the inflammation in PCOS. Phyto-estrogens are also believed to help reduce the cellular imbalance which leads to metabolic disturbances in PCOS.
Aloe-vera is yet another Ayurvedic herb that is extremely beneficial in treating PCOS. It helps in regularizing the menstrual cycles, promotes normal menstruation and normalizes ovarian hormonal imbalance.

Ayurveda is a form of medicine from the ancient age of Indian Vedic Tradition. Ayurveda is known for its significance of not just being a treatment medicine but being a “lifestyle”. Ayurveda is a lifestyle of being healthy.  It is believed that, as we cannot scrub our inner body we need to learn a few skills to help cleanse our tissues, organs and mind. “This is the art of Ayurveda.”

Also, Ayurveda provides us with the knowledge of “how to prevent disease and how to eliminate its root cause”, if it does occur. Ayurveda is the oldest known therapy of serving the human kind. From the early ages, physicians practiced Ayurveda and discovered many medicines to the most injurious diseases which are known for their non harmful and no side effects excellence. By the medieval period, Ayurvedic practitioners developed a number of medicinal preparations and surgical procedures for the treatment of various ailments.

Ayurvedic doctors regard physical and mental existence as well as personality as a unit with each element having the capacity to influence others. One of the fundamental aspects of Ayurvedic medicine is to take this holistic approach into account during diagnosis and therapy. Ayurveda also focuses on the forms of Exercise, Yoga and Meditation. To maintain patient’s health, a proper diet is suggested and asked to be maintained.

The team of proficient doctors at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre aims at providing immediate and authentic Ayurveda treatments to the patients at their doorsteps. The patent Ayurvedic preparations are delivered to the patients for their recovery. Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre follow the nature of Ayurveda and believe in the procedure of keeping a healthy person healthy so as to prevent occurrence of any disease by giving a good Immune System. Ayurveda also nurture the mind and teach that “A happy mind lets you stay calm, make better decisions and improve the overall quality of life”.  Thus, improving the lifestyle of the patients is the prime objective of Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre.

About  Leucoderma

Ayurveda has an in depth discussion about the number of the skin disorders in the chapters like Kushtarogadhikar and Kshudrarogadhikar. All over 18 different types of skin diseases are broadly mentioned in Ayurveda. Among them Switra is the most common and which is presently known as Leucoderma. It is a disease which is affected by providing white coloration to the skin and is caused by the combination of Nervous and circulatory system (Vata), Metabolic system(Pitta) and the secretory system(Kalpha).
According to the Charka, Leucoderma becomes firmly established when vitiated Units (Triosha) like Vata, Pitta and Kapha enters different Tissue (Dhatu) level and lesions change colour accordingly. As Functional Units (Tridosha) enters in deeper Tissues (Saptadhatu) prognosis of the disease becomes poorer. Vitiation of Vata dosha involves vitiated Pitta and Kapha due to intake of different types of Etiological Factors (Nidan Sevan) which causes Disturbed Metabolism (Agnidushti) of both type Digestion (Jathragni) as well as Tissue Metabolism (Dhatwagni) resulting into Free radical Generation (Aamotpatti). All these activity results into accumulation of Vitiated dosha in Dushya (Isthansamshraya) in different  types of effected tissue and organs like Skin, Lymph,Blood, Muscle ,Adipose causing disturbed metabolism of a type of Pitta responsible for Skin Coloration and Leucoderma  is developed.
Treatment Plan
Ayurvedic Treatment at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre for leucoderma starts with the arrest on the ongoing disturbances in the body. Digestive tract is targeted first with implementation of appropriate diet. The proper elimination of the toxins and balancing the disturbances are the primary focus areas for Leucoderma.
The method and herbs used for the treatment of Leucoderma at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre are follows:

  1. Prime aim-Eradicate the Nidan (Etiological Factors)
  2. Blood Purifier-Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Haridra (Curcuma Longa), Khadir (Acacia Catechu), Daruhaldi (Berberis aristata), Nimb (Azardiracta Indica) etc.
  3. Mild Laxatives-Amaltas (Cassia Fistula), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Nishoth (Ipomoea turpethum), Kutki (Picrorhiza Kurroa), Kumari (Aloe vera) etc.
  4. Liver Correctives- Kumari (Aloe vera), Kutki (Picrorhiza Kurroa),  Daruhaldi (Berberis aristata), Revandcheeni (Rheum Emodi), Parijat (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis), Bhumyamlaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Madyantika (Lawsonia enermis) etc.
  5. Melanin Synthesizer-for internal like Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia), Vish Nag (Ammi majus), Kathgular (Ficus hispida), Krishnatil (Sesamum indicum), Madyantika (Lawsonia enermis), Vibhitaki (Terminalia bellerica) etc.
  6. De-worming-Vidang (Embelica ribes), Kampillak (Mallotus phillippinensis), Palash (Butea monosperma), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Karanj (Pongamia pinnata) seed etc.
  7. Nootropics-Bramhi (Bacopa monneri), Shankhpushpi (Convolvulus pluricalis), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Tagar (Valeriana brunoniana) etc.
  8. Rejuvenator-Khadir (Acacia catechu), Mulhethi (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Amrita (Tinospora cordifolia), Bhallataka (Semecarpus anacardium) etc.
  9. Immunomodulator-Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum),  Kumari (Aloe vera) etc.
  10. Topical -Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia), Vishnag (Ammi majus), Kathgular (Ficus hispida) etc.
  11. Sun Exposure-  For UV rays to exert the Photosensitization.
About  Diabetes

In Ayurvedic terms, Diabetes has been comprehensively described. The disease is known for its alarming spread in the population and is critically harming the livelihood of the patients. In Ayurveda, Diabetes is explained under the term of ‘madhumeh’. Although, the trained methods and complicated investigations were not present at the ancient times but the study of Ayurveda knew about the severity of the disease and its future consequences. Thus, with the considerable and profound studies, the indigenous plants and minerals have been used individually or in combination.
‘Madhumeh’ means to pass excessive urine along with the compound of sugar in it. It is measured by the pressure of sugar in urine and increased level of sugar in blood. In Ayurvedic terms, the Diabetes has some metabolic disturbances which are stated as Agni- Dushti and Amotpatti, pathology in Agnashya (pancreas) and Yakrit (liver).

In Ayurveda, the causes of Diabetes are

  • Sedentary Life style
  • Overeating
  • Jaggery & Kapha vardhak diet
  • Hereditary Factor
  • Obesity

Ayurveda also clearly conveys that the Diabetes’ causes, symptoms and complications have successful treatment through herbs and minerals of the nature. Many vital herbs like vijaysar, Gudmar, Karela, Neem, Methi, Shilajeet have been used since ages for the management of diabetes mellitus.

Useful herbs in diabetes:

  1. Karela:  It shows lowering in blood glucose level with the effect comparable to allopathic medicines. Polypeptides, triterpenoids and vicine, all constituents of karela shows hypoglycemic activity and also reduces insulin resistance.
  2. Gudmar: It contains several anti-sweet principles; suppress taste responses to sugar by acting on the taste bud towards sweet taste perception, hence delaying glucose absorption in the small intestine.
  3. Vijaysaar: It contains flavonoid showing regeneration of the beta-cells of the islets and helps bring down high blood sugar levels to normal.
  4. Klaunji: shows significantly increased glucose includes insulin released from the beta-cells of pancreas.
About  Nutritional Anemia

In Ayurveda, Anemia is known as “pandu roga”. Anemia occurs because of deficiency in blood. If assimilation of the minerals doesn’t occur properly, especially of iron, then it causes deficiency and as a result deteriorates the quality of blood and leads to Anemia. In Ayurvedic terms Anemia is linked with the pachak sub- dosha.
Many factors are considered responsible for the development of anemia / pandu roga-:

  1. Nutritional deficiency/ poor diet
  2. Erratic liver functions.
  3. Regular blood loss, in females during periods.
  4. Blood loss due to Hemorrhoids, injury, etc.

Treatment
Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre focuses to improve digestion, metabolism & assimilation along with healthy diet consumption. A healthy diet rich in iron must be consumed. Whole grains, cereals, legume & pulses are good sources of iron.
There are many herbs mentioned in Ayurveda for the treatment of anemia

  1. Fenugreek – Known as Methi, the bitter tasting fenugreek is an important component of Indian cuisine. It is helpful in building the volume of blood in the body. It is especially effective in girls who are suffering from anemia due to onset of puberty.
  2. Arbi leaves- They have a high crude protein value of 307 gram per kg dry weight. Iron and zinc levels are very high and contain moderate quantities of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and potassium.
  3. Aswagandha- It accelerates the oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells and shows an increase in the number of RBCs with normal counts and normal shapes.
About  Skin Disorders

ACNE
According to Ayurveda, the excessive intake of Alcohol, Tea, Coffee, Spicy, oily and fried food are the major causes of Acne and it is believed to be from Pitta Dosha aggravation. Stress, tension, pollution and chemicals are also among the major causes of skin diseases like acne, boils, pimples and rashes. The disease is most widespread among the teenagers and it is estimated that ninety percent of teenagers get acne.
An imbalance in vata, results in impaired digestion and accumulation of toxins. An imbalance of pitta, affects the blood & liver allowing for inflammation. Excess kapha which controls the production of sebum, results in clogging of the pores. This combination of impaired digestion, accumulation of toxins, inflammation and over production of sebum, creates the perfect environment for the overgrowth of bacteria resulting in chronic acne. The overgrowth of bacteria is only an effect of the underlying imbalances but not the ultimate cause of acne. That is why treating acne with anti-biotics orally & topically may never fully cure the problem.

PSORIASIS (KITIBHA)
In Ayurvedic terms, Psoriasis is a clinical entity comparable to ‘KITIBHA’. Psoriasis can be considered as the vitiation of Vata & Kapha.  Ahita dravyas (in compatible substances – antigen) contains the following qualities by which they cause vitiation of Doshas thus resulting in different allergic, hypersensitive or auto- immune disorder.
Accumulation or low potency toxins (dooshi vishas) are the basic pathological changes taking place in the system. Any kind of toxins (ama) turns to work as a slow poison. These dooshi vishas can cause many problems & diseases.

ECZEMA (VICHARCHIKA)
Vicharchika is a variety of kshudra kushta. Though all the three dosha that are involved in the causation of this illness, predominant vitiation of vata and kapha dosha is incriminated. Vesicular eruption, Itching, discharge are the cardinal manifestations of this illness. This is being compared to eczema in modern science.
Vicharchika is one of the diseases mentioned in ancient science among the kushta.  Vicharchika is categorized in different ways i.e. Kshudra kushta, kshudra roga and sadhya kushta. All kushtas are having tridoshaja origin hence vicharchika can be explained in similar manner i.e. Kapha is responsible for kandu, pitta is responsible for srava and shyava indicates the presence of vata. Despite its tridosha origin, various acharyas have mentioned different dominances in vicharchika i.e. Kapha, pitta, vata-pitta pradhana which also suggests specific symptom complexes. As per the symptomatology and pathogenesis, vicharchika has been directly correlated with eczema (dermatitis) in modern science i.e. Sakandu (excessive itching), pidaka (papules, vesicles, pustules), shyava (erythema with discoloration), bahusrava (profuse discharge, oozing), raji (thickening, lichenification of skin), arti (pain), ruksha (dry lesion), etc. Dermatitis is being used as a synonym for eczema by most of the dermatologists.
Skin diseases make a person handicap in the society which makes his or her life stressful. There is a popular adage that “skin patients are never cured and never die” and hardly even constitute an emergency. For the solution, gradually, whole world is turning towards Ayurveda for safe and complete cure of skin diseases.

Beneficial herbs for the Skin Disorders are as follows:

  1. Azadirachta indica(Neem) : Neem is an unknown herb for various skin infections and  found to be effective in strains of bacteria from a number of genera viz. Staphylococcus, Enterococus, Pseudomonas, E.coli, Klebsiella and Salmonella.
  2. Isloliquiritigenin from Glycyrrhiza glabra (Yashtimadhu) possesses cell membrane stabilizing effect. Isloliquiritigenin inhibited histamine release from peritoneal exudates induced by immunological and non- immunological reaction thus it is highly beneficial in various skin allergic disorders.
  3. Free radical damage is considered as one of the important skin damaging/ageing factors, and antioxidants which quench free radicals are recommended as skin protective/antiageing agents. (-)-epicatechin, (+)- catechin their oligomers, and other flavonoids (e.g., quercetin, toxifolin) from Acacia catechu (khadir) are powerful antioxidants and protect cell integrity by inhibiting oxidative damage to the lipids layer of the skin.
  4. Swertia chirata (Chirayata) modulates biotransformation reactions in detoxification process, protects from cytotoxic, genotoxic and metabolic actions of environmental toxicants, activates glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), & reduction in lipid peroxidation.
About  Stress Relief

In Ayurveda the complete balance of three energies- vata, pitta & Kapha in the body is a disease free state whereas their imbalance causes diseases. As per Ayurveda, imbalanced state of mind leads to stress. At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre all herbal preparations are efficiently used to cure stress.

Ayurveda broadly explains three states (gunas) of mind-:
They are, “sattva”, “Rajas” & “tamas”, stress is caused when sattva decreases along with increase in rajas & tamas. Sattva is a pure, pious knowledgeable state of mind.

Tamas reflects ignorance, reluctant or negative state of mind. Rajas refract passion or action in response to any stimulus. Excessive physical or mental strain cause these gunas to go out of balance & can cause a person to experience stress & other associated problems like fear, depression, lack  of memory, sleeplessness. When these gunas are in a balance state, the individual has the maximum potential to act or behave in healthy way.

A person with sattva is calm, thoughtful, intelligent, knowledgeable and shows a high positive attitude.

Ayurvedic physicians at Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre explain some methods to keep sattva level high, as explained below-:

– Take fresh vegetables & fruits.
– Take plenty of fluid i.e. juices, water or milk.
– Decrease intake of high salt, spices, oil
– Getting adequate rest
– Perform the full body warm oil self massage regularly
– Regular exercise in the morning for at least 30-40 minutes
– Go to bed before 10:00pm, early wake up.
– Brisk walk in the park.
– Yoga & meditation will definitely help.

Use of herbs

At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, herbs which Ayurveda has mentioned are used like Ashwagandha, Giloe, Brahmi, Shankhpushpi, Jatamansi.

Brahmi – An outstanding nervine tonic is used for raising the mental performance. It helps in concentration, comprehension, recall and alertness. Brahmi is particularly beneficial as it aids in categorising information in brain and its subsequent expression.

Mandukparni- Extract shows to improve learning performance and enhances memory retention.

Ashawagandha – Significantly recovers stress induced depleted T-cells population.

Jatamansi – Significantly reverses despair behaviour, anxiety, and chronic fatigue syndrome and decrease locomotor activity. Anti-depressant effect of Jatamansi may also be due to interaction with GABA receptors. It has therapeutic value for the management of mental depression.

About  Liver Disorders

In Ayurvedic terms, liver is known as Yakrit and is considered as one of the most vital organ which helps in regulating the health of the body.

The liver is important because a person’s nutritional level is not only determined by what he or she eats but by what the liver processes. In Ayurvedic literature, yakrit (liver) is considered as an important anga (organ) of the human body right from the Vedic Period. Bhavamisra (16th Century) has described that it is situated right and below to the hridaya (heart) and is the sthana  (seat) of  pitta and sonitha (blood). Susrutha (500 BC) mentioned  yakrit  (liver) as the abode of ranjaka pitta . Susrutha (500 BC) describe yakrit  (liver) as the  sthana  (seat) of rakta (blood) (Srikantha Murthy, 2005). Charaka (1000 BC) while describing the srotas (body channels), mentioned yakrit   (liver) and pleeha (spleen) as the moola (root) of raktavaha Srotas (blood carrying channels). But it is Bhavamisra who, for the first time, introduced the term ‘yakrit vikara’ (liver disorders). Madhamvanidhana, in parishista prakarana, mentioned yakrit roga(liver disease) as a separate entity.

The etio-pathogenesis of Yakrit roga has been described as:-
Food and drinking that cause burning sensation, alcohol intake and strong/sharp substance causes aggravation of pitta which vitiates blood tissues and  this vitiated blood tissue leads to various liver disorders like sluggish liver, jaundice, fatty liver, etc.
Treatment of all liver diseases in Ayurveda concentrates mainly on pitta dosha rather than the organ itself. Most of the hepato- protective drugs are kapha, pitta, samaka (pacifies pitta & kapha entities). The medicines and diets that normalize pitta are commonly used for all types of liver diseases.

Most of the hepato-protective herbs are having predominantly bitter and pungent taste and digestive stimulant and carminative. These herbs mainly increase fire entity in the body and act on digestive fire as well as fire residing in tissues.

These rasas (taste) have the property of increasing metabolism (mainly enhancing catabolism) thereby these herbs help in digestion of nitrogenous waste products. Most of the hepato-protective herbs possess laghu (easy to digest) and ruksha (dry)  gunas (quality).  Laghu guna (easy to digest quality) helps in increasing jatharagni (digestive fire) as they are easily digestible and they form less nitrogenous waste products. Ushna virya (hot potency) helps in enhancing the Jatharagni (digestive fire) as well dhatwagni  because ushna virya (hot potency) increases metabolism (catabolism).

According to modern pharmacology, the main mechanism involved in the protection of liver could be associated with the strong capability of hepato-protective drugs to reduce the intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species by enhancing the level of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants. These drugs protect liver tissues against oxidative damage and somehow help in stimulating the repair mechanism of liver.
Beneficial herbs in Liver Disorders:

The mode of action of hepato-protective herbs varies from herb to herb. Hepatocyte membrane stabilizing capacity is shown by Techoma undulata thereby preventing toxins from entering the cell through entero-hepatic recirculation.
Berberis aristata, Tephrosa purpurea   and Piper longum helps in regeneration of liver cells by stimulating nuclear polymerase A and increasing ribosomal protein synthesis.
Tinospora cordifolia enhances the activity of Kuffer cells which is involved in the production of substances like interleukins and tumour necrosis factors which activates the immune system of the body and act as immuno-modulatory.
Phyllanthus niruri possess antiviral property and helps in microsomal induction or inhibition.
Eclipta alba, Andrographis paniculata and Picrorhiza kurroa  increases the choleretic activity.

About  Urinary Diseases

Urinary stones (Mutra asmari)
In the early ages, Ayurveda has explained about urinary stones with the name “Mutra asmari”.  Also, Ayurveda has clearly indicated the causes, symptoms, diagnosis along with the dietary instructions and life style of a patient having urinary stones.
The Ayurveda literature explains the pathogenesis of kidney stones. It is a tridoshaja  vyadhi (kapha predominant). In this disease, vata dosha gets aggravated in urinary bladder. Vata has the qualities like Ruksha  guna ( drying power) and by the virtue of this,  it dries up the locally available urine & pitta converts them into gravels. Kapha dosha, by its snigdha  (sticky) character,  binds those gravels together to make urinary stone.
Ayurveda briefly explains four categories of stones:-
-Vataja asmari
-Pittaja Asmari
-Kaphaja Asmari
-Sukraja Asmari
At Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre, treatment of urinary stones (mutra asmari) is mainly based on the characters of Dosha, condition of the disease & patient. Treatment broadly consists of

  1. Removal of causative factor
  2. Diet management
  3. Plenty of fluid intake
  4. Use of medical plants / Herbal preparations

Beneficial herbs in Urinary Stones:

Gokshru  Prevents urinary stones by intervening the oxalate metabolism. Thus it prevents the formation & crystallization of oxalate salt.
Kultha & pashanbhed are two unique herbs known for its anti- calcifying potential & their ability to inhibit formation of calcium & phosphate precipitates.
Varuna has been used in Ayurveda for its tendency to reduce the urinary excretion of calcium as it increases the excretory rate of sodium & magnesium.

Urinary tract infection (Mutra sankaraman)
Ancient healing system, Ayurveda, specifically explains the causes and treatment of urinary tract infections caused by bacteria as it balances the infection.
According to Ayurveda, all living things are characterized by three active doshas – vata, pitta & kapha and it is believed that aggravated pitta produces heating toxins in the body which accumulates in the urinary channels causing UTI.
Ayurveda wisdom offer guidelines to balance Pitta dosha and strengthens the urinary tract in order to avoid reoccurring of infections along with treating the disease completely.
Understanding and removing the cause begins with the healing process.

Main factors that aggravate pitta dosha and contribute to UTI’s are-

  1. Eating foods that are too hot, sour or spicy
  2. Consumption of alcohol
  3. Suppressing the urge to urinate
  4. Habit of retaining urine in the bladder for a longer period
  5. Exposure to extreme heat
  6. Environmental factors like humidity causing water loss
  7. Not drinking enough water

    Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre recommends choosing a diet that will pacify pitta dosha to help cleansing & eliminate the toxins that are bringing too much heat to the body.

    Lifestyle also plays a significant role as bacteria can flourish when conditions are warm and moist.
    Ayurveda mentions various vital herbs which are helpful in treating UTI’s and  preventing its reoccurrences.

    There are many herbs of Ayurveda which are suggested by Aimil Healthcare and Research Centre for the treatment of Urinary Tract Infection which are as follows :-

    Sheetal chini- Dominantly exerts anti- microbial action effectively against varied gram +ve  & gram –ve bacteria.
    Punernava & varuna- Shows anti- inflammatory & spasmolytic effects in synergism thus relieves inflamed & constricted tissue of renal system.
    Gokshru- Helps restoring the potassium content which is responsible for the alkalizing  and  balance diuretic effects thus relieves burning sensation while passing urine.

About  PCOS

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome also known as PCOS or PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease) is a very common hormonal disorder in women.
According to Ayurveda, PCOS is a disease which develops due to an imbalance of doshas (Ayurvedic humors). Pitta and Kapha plays major role in the development of PCOS. Aggravated Pitta causes contamination of the tissues like nutrient plasma and blood. This further causes an accumulation of toxins in the weaker channels of the body.

In the case of PCOS patients, these toxins get accumulated in the channels of the brain causing imbalance in HPO¬-Axis and ultimately imbalance the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland. This condition results in imbalance of female hormones and increase in Kapha which causes formation of ovarian cysts, irregular periods (no ovulation) and other symptoms of PCOS.
Vata is responsible for movement of the follicle during the ovarian cycle, the rupture of the ovary wall releasing the matured ovum, the movement of the fimbriae – the finger like projections that guide the ovum into the fallopian tubes and the movement of the ovum towards the uterus. The action of the hormones expresses the nature of pitta, the energy responsible for the transformation. Kapha’s heavy cool qualities nourish the development of the tissues that form and support the reproductive system including the nurturing energy supporting growth of the follicle during the ovarian cycle.
PCOS is due to kapha blocking vata and pitta hence movement is obstructed and the transformation process is suppressed.

Ayurveda has mentioned many herbs and these herbs not only help in controlling PCOS but also help in restoring health and well-being.
The main aim of PCOS treatment is:

  • Normalizing hormonal imbalance
  • Strengthening and revitalizing the female reproductive system and regularizing menstrual cycles.

Few common Ayurvedic medicines that help in the management of PCOS are:
Shatavari helps in promoting normal development of overian follicles, helps to regulate menstrual cycle and revitalizes the female reproductive system.
Guduchi is a powerful anti- inflammatory herb. Chronic inflammation in tissues is the root cause for insulin imbalance and ovarian cysts. Guduchi helps in revitalizing all the body tissues and boosts metabolism naturally.
Fennel seeds are rich source of phyto-estrogens. Phyto-estrogens in fennel helps in reducing insulin resistance and in bringing down the inflammation in PCOS. Phyto-estrogens are also believed to help reduce the cellular imbalance which leads to metabolic disturbances in PCOS.
Aloe-vera is yet another Ayurvedic herb that is extremely beneficial in treating PCOS. It helps in regularizing the menstrual cycles, promotes normal menstruation and normalizes ovarian hormonal imbalance.

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    E: cure@aimilhealthcare.com, rnd@aimilhealthcare.com